Dermatology | Lombard | Carol Stream
Dermatology | Lombard | Carol Stream Dermatology | Lombard | Carol Stream Dermatology | Lombard | Carol Stream
Dermatology | Lombard | Carol Stream

Medical Dermatology

Dermatologists are trained to treat patients of all ages, from newborns to the elderly. This includes the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of problems of the skin, hair and nails. Conditions common among children are moles and birthmarks, atopic dermatitis, acne, warts, and vitiligo. In adults we treat a range of conditions such as cancers and precancerous lesions, rosacea, psoriasis, shingles, and eczema. Patients of all ages should consider a comprehensive skin exam of all moles and other growths as part of a yearly skin cancer screening.


Skin Cancer Check

Skin Cancer Check | Skin Cancer Surgery | Naperville | Wheaton | Lombard | Carol StreamSkin cancer refers to the abnormal, uncontrolled growth of skin cells. One in five people will develop skin cancer in their lifetime, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. Risk factors include pale skin, family history of melanoma, being over 40 years old, and regular sun exposure. Fortunately, skin cancer is almost always curable if detected and treated early.

The most common skin cancers are:

  1. Basal cell carcinoma - 80-85% of all skin cancers. Basal cell carcinoma affects cells in the lowest layer of the epidermis.
  2. Squamous cell carcinoma - 10% of all skin cancers. Squamous cell carcinoma affects cells in the middle layer of the epidermis.
  3. Melanoma - 5% of all skin cancers. Melanoma is a rare but very dangerous type of skin cancer. It is the leading cause of death from skin disease.

Skin cancers vary in shape, color, size and texture, so any new, changed or otherwise suspicious growths or rashes should be examined immediately by a physician. Early intervention is essential to preventing the cancer from spreading. 

Skin Cancer Check (Screening) / Mole Exam

Moles and other skin growths are of important medical concern because of the rare chance to develop into a skin cancer. Full-body skin exams to detect any new moles and growths, as well as to monitor existing growths, are recommended on a yearly basis in order to screen for skin cancer and detect any abnormalities in their earliest stages. To classify a mole, your doctor will evaluate its color, size, border and any asymmetries that may indicate a potential for cancer. If any suspicious lesions are found during this exam, additional testing will likely be performed. Dr. Lichon will also incorporate the use of a dermoscope in the comprehensive skin exam.

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Acne Treatment

Acne is the term for the blocked pores (blackheads and whiteheads), pimples, and deeper lumps (cysts or nodules) that can appear typically on the face, neck, chest, back, shoulders and upper arms. Seventeen million Americans currently have acne, making it the most common skin disease in the country. While it affects mostly teenagers, and almost all teenagers have some form of acne, adults of any age can have it. Acne is not life-threatening, but it can cause physical disfigurement (scarring) and emotional distress.

Treatment for acne varies depending on the type and severity of lesions, as well as the patient's skin type, age and life . Options include: 

  • Topical Medications
  • Antibiotics
  • Accutane
  • Blackhead Extraction
  • Skin Care
  • Blu-U Light Treatments
  • Microdermabrasion

Acne scarring can be treated in a variety of ways as well. These include:

  • Chemical Peels
  • Dermabrasion/Microdermabrasion
  • Soft Tissue Fillers
  • Laser/Pulsed Light Treatments

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Acne Treatment | Skin Cancer Check | Skin Cancer Surgery | Naperville | Wheaton | Lombard | Carol StreamMoles or "nevi" are composed of groups of pigment producing cells called melanocytes. They are important to monitor because of their potential risk for turning into malignant melanoma. People with more moles have an increased risk of melanoma. Dysplastic moles, which are clinically and microscopically atypical appearing, are putative precursor lesions of melanoma. Dysplastic moles occur in 30% of patients with primary melanoma and in 6% of their family members. People with a family history of dysplastic nevi or have numerous atypical appearing moles themselves should be carefully monitored for melanoma. It is important to watch for the warning signs of melanoma and the ABCDE's of melanoma.

  • A is for asymmetry of a mole.
  • B is for borders that are irregular and notched.
  • C is for colors in a mole that are varied.
  • D is for diameter of a mole being larger than 1/4 in. or 6mm (size of a pencil eraser).
  • E is for evolving mole- any changes in size, shape, color, elevation, or symptoms of bleeding, itching, or crusting.

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Warts are common growths that can appear anywhere on the body. They are caused by various strains of the Human Papilloma Virus or HPV. You can try treating them initially with over-the-counter salicylic acid treatments such as Mediplast. Warts can be extremely stubborn to treat. Since it is a viral infection, warts will ultimately resolve once your immune system recognizes that there is a problem and decides to mount a response against the virus.

Here at Lichon Dermatology, we offer a multitude of treatment options for warts. We find that what works best for one person may not work as well for another. We utilize a full arsenal of wart treatments including liquid nitrogen, Canthacur, Candida antigen, strong acids, Bleomycin, and surgical treatment. We may also recommend prescription medications to boost your immune response. Warts can be extremely frustrating, but with a little persistence, we can help you make them disappear.

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About 15 million people in the U.S. suffer from some form of eczema, including 10-20 percent of all infants. Symptoms vary from person to person but often include dry, red, itchy patches on the skin which break out in rashes when scratched.

Treatment involves the restriction of scratching, use of moisturizing lotions or creams, cold compresses and nonprescription anti-inflammatory corticosteroid creams and ointments. If this proves insufficient, physicians may prescribe corticosteroid medication, antibiotics to combat infection, or sedative antihistamines. Phototherapy is a common procedure that uses light to reduce rashes . For severe cases, drugs such as cyclosporin A may be recommended.

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Actinic Keratosis

Actinic Keratosis | Naperville | Wheaton | Lombard | Carol StreamActinic keratoses (AKs) are lesions on the surface layer of the skin (epidermis) caused by chronic exposure to sunlight, particularly ultraviolet light. AKs occur when the cells that comprise 90 percent of the epidermis, the keratinocytes, change their size, shape and/or organization in a process called cutaneous dysplasia. This alters the texture of the skin surface and may extend deeper, into the dermis. AKs are only one of many kinds of keratinocyte lesions, which can be caused by factors other than sunlight (such as chemical carcinogens, x-rays, heat, papillomavirus infection and scarring).

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Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory condition of the skin frequently referred to as "adult acne". It is characterized by redness, broken blood vessels, and flushing of the face and scalp. Patients may also experience pimples, swelling, itching, and scratchy eyes. It is also common for rosacea patients to have seborrheic dermatitis-basically dandruff of the scalp and face, characterized by rashes with greasy scale of the forehead, eyebrows, and around the nose. Rosacea is most often seen in patients with lighter skin color, although we do see it in all skin types. Triggers for rosacea include sunlight, caffeine, alcohol, spicy foods, hot liquids, and extreme temperatures. There is no cure for rosacea, but fortunately, there are many excellent treatment options available for patients today.

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Wrinkles | Naperville | Wheaton | Lombard | Carol StreamWrinkles are caused by many factors as we age. The major causes of wrinkles are normal aging, sun effects, free radical damage, and others. The Glogau classification system was developed to help classify the severity of wrinkles. This helps practitioners pick the best procedures to treat wrinkles and photoaging. Sunscreen is one of the most effective skin-care products used to prevent wrinkles.

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